Finally a math puzzle, but then it has to be one that isn't very challenging. If you are having trouble, just keep firing arrows; you'll hit it eventually.Q:You have a target with six rings, bearing the numbers 16, 17, 23, 24, 39, and 40. How can you score exactly 100 points, by shooting at the target.

**Edit:**You'll need the full complement of 6 arrows.

A:16 + 16 + 17 + 17 + 17 + 17 = 100

Here's my standard reminder... don't post the answer or any hints that could lead directly to the answer (e.g. via a chain of thought, or an internet search) before the deadline of Thursday at 3pm ET. If you know the answer, click the link and submit it to NPR, but don't give it away here.

ReplyDeleteYou may provide indirect hints to the answer to show you know it, but make sure they don't give the answer away. You can openly discuss your hints and the answer after the Thursday deadline. Thank you.

Would it be wrong to say that this puzzle is very easily solved?

ReplyDeleteEveryone will be setting up a program to solve

16A + 17B + 23C + 24D + 39E + 40F = X,

allowing A to range from 0 - 6; B to range from 0 - 5; C, 0 - 4; D, 0 - 4; E, 0 - 2; and F, 0 - 2.

Should only be 9450 possible answers, if my count is correct, easily scanned to see which one comes up 100.

Or you could cheat, which I did, because I have no intention of sending in an answer, and the puzzle makes my head hurt, and a little voice told me to.

Yeah, but I can hardly wait to see E&WAf's "simple" (presumably

Deleteelegant) proof; and what is PC's "93 points" all about?Bob, enumerating the possibilities isn't nearly that hard. There are only 75 combinations that yield a sum between 85 and 100. (That's 1/126th as many as 9450.) The exhaustive list also proves that the answer is unique.

DeletePaul, making a list this way is what reveals that 93 is the only other sum in the range 85 to 100 that has a unique solution.

@PlannedChaos - I'm no mathematician (my official educational status is "dropout"), so I was just considering all the possible combinations of the variables. Aside from the trivial case where all the variables A - F are zero, I would have to do some sort of calculation to see where any of the sums ended up. But if I have missed an important point, I wouldn't be the least bit surprised. :>)

DeleteBlaine's clue reaches the outer limits!

ReplyDelete3 really small arrows will get the job done

ReplyDeleteI have a hint, but it is too much of a give-away.

ReplyDeleteBlaine!!

DeleteAnother Sunday puzzle: What is the next letter in this series: U, D, B, V . . .?

ReplyDeleteSince we all know the answer to this week’s puzzle by now, here’s a word puzzle you can try.

ReplyDeleteTake the name of part of a country. Add the name of a flowing body of water. You get the name, phonetically, of a famous mid-50s Top Ten song that has become an American standard.

Chuck

I posted on Sun Aug 17, at 06:03:00 AM PDT

ReplyDeleteon last week's thread:In my submission to the NPR website, I started off with a simple proof that there is

only ONE way it can be done!!Nice to hear a fellow Berkeley resident on Sunday Puzzle today!

ReplyDeleteDid you notice how she kidnapped KQED and moved it across the Bay? Next thing you know, it'll appear at the end of Enya_and_Weird_Al_fan's proof!

DeleteJan, Yes, I was shocked!!

DeleteThis comment has been removed by the author.

DeleteYes, Natasha and jan, I, too was shocked, shocked to find people living in Berkeley might listen to a radio station a few miles away across the Bay.

DeleteYour winnings, madame.

DeleteThis comment has been removed by the author.

DeleteTake 2

ReplyDelete:-)

Trying to figure out what I must have bet to win that, Paul. I'd never heard Peter Gabriel (or anyone) sing that song.

DeleteIt was interesting.

As Will says, Peter repeater ;-).

I prefer Take Five. Brubeck was a genius.

DeleteAs they say on Marketplace, "let's do the numbers."

ReplyDeleteI offer the following:

ReplyDelete1. The challenge is overkill

2. Solving this puzzle involves a few revolutions

3. Divide and conquer

So a musical hint might be "Sound of Music"?

ReplyDeleteHey RoRo, have you started rolfing?

DeleteSometimes I rolf, sometimes I roll. Great technique for stretching out my neck (Which is something I tend to do anyway). Actually need to find a new practitioner. Some of the ones in my neck of the woods are still learning and not yet mature.

DeleteROFL reminds me of rolfing. . .

DeleteThree Smithies met up on Saturday at a community garden veggie and fruit sale:

If you're ever in a jam, here I am

How do you solve a problem like RoRo :-) ????

Delete[Satire?]

DeleteWW sounds like the beginning of one of those"a priest, a rabbi, and an Iman walked into a bar" jokes. Excuse me while I rolf, rofl and roll.

DeleteRoRo knows her ro, ro, ro your boat. . .

Delete

Delete2(16) + 4(17) = 100"Hey, RoRo, have you started rolfing?" was a riff off of her "Sound of Music" clue. Rolf was the boy who sang "You are 16 going on 17" to the oldest Von Trapp daughter.

OK, any takers on the letter series U, D, B, V . . .?

Yes, ROLFing is complete. No longer von trapped in silence.

DeleteU,D,B,V:

DeleteI tried; I came up short; send me to first base.

Paul, there's a hint below in response to EaWAf's question about the letter series. Seriously. . .

Delete2 + 4 = 6

ReplyDeleteSunday it was a split decision for New York's two MLB teams. The Yankees held off surging Tampa Bay, 4 to 2, while in a battle of teams trying to avoid the cellar, the Cubs defeated the Mets 2 to 1.

ReplyDelete4 17's and 2 16's make for a 4 to 2 ratio, or 2 to 1 in lowest terms.

DeleteThis puzzle is definitely overkill, as there are far more numbers than you need.

Divide and conquer: divide 100 by 3 and you get 33-1/3. 33 is the sum of 16 and 17. 3 16's and 3 17's add up to 100. No problem. Just replace a 16 with a 17.

Revolution: who besides WW and myself remember 33-1/3 rpm (revolutions per minute) LP records?

Finally the two number pairs that are anagrams of each other and have the same sum: ELEVEN and TWO is one pair; the other is TWELVE and ONE. Believe both Will and Click and Clark (during their puzzle making days) used this one.

correction: 3 16's and 3 17's add up to 99, not 100. Replace one 16 with a 17, and the 2 16's and 4 17's add up to 100.

DeleteDid anyone actually answer PC's question about scoring 93 exactly? 3 x 23 + 1 x 24 is the unique answer.

ReplyDeleteChuck

Well, well, well, well, well, well....I know, it's a deep subject.

ReplyDeleteOK, an easy math problem for everyone:

ReplyDeleteWhat 2 different numbers when spelled out anagram to 2 other numbers when spelled out

ANDthe 2 numbers added together equal the sum of the other 2 numbers?Rephrased: A + B = C + D and A & B spelled out anagram to C & D spelled out, What are these four different numbers A B C & D?

This reminds me of a NPR Sunday Puzzle of several years ago (but different from yours).

Deleteron,

DeleteThat may be an "easy math problem," but it is also very elegant. Thanks for posting it.

LegoUnlucky

I assume answers such as six and seventeen, which anagram to seven and sixteen, are not supposed to be allowed. There are an infinite number of such answers. They seem to satisfy the wording of the problem, however.

DeleteIn response to the Tuesday Aug. 19 comments above by Word Woman (10:33 AM) and RoRo (2:10 PM) I have just posted on Puzzleria! possibly the weirdest “A guy walks into a bar…” story ever.

ReplyDeleteLego…

2 arrows in the 16 ring and 4 arrows in the 17 ring.

ReplyDelete16

16

17

17

17

17

-----

100

17 * 4 + 16 * 2 = 100

ReplyDeleteJust Google "Sam Loyd 16 17 23 24 39 40" to find a link to the answer.

Since 16+23=39 and 16+24=40, the 39 and 40 in the puzzle were actually not needed (although including them maybe would make the puzzle harder).

ReplyDeleteI Googled, and came up with this cornucopia.

ReplyDeleteI note that Gardner's approach fits in with my initial solution, and that, in his illustration, the '40 ring' is NOT a 'ring' ... or

isit??The previous comment should be a reply to jan's comment. Either Blogger or I messed up.

DeletePaul:

DeleteI am still wondering why you tried to alert Blaine to my post?????????????

[Satire}

DeleteThat was all I could come up with too. This puzzle did not lend itself well to hints.

Delete

ReplyDelete2(16s) +4(17s) =6shots at the target.16 + 16 + 17 + 17 +17 +17 = 100. This requires a total of

6shots at the target.Or:

2x 16 = 32 and4x 17 = 68. 32 + 68 = 100.Or: 16 + 17 + 17 = 50, now double that.

Answer to MY MATH CHALLENGE:

ELEVEN + TWO = TWELVE + ONE. Both sides of this equation are anagrams of each other! They are not just the switching of two numbers as in six seven & -teen.

Beautiful, ron. I am going to use that with the kids tomorrow as our brain warm-up before we do the "Nuclear Physics and M & M's" experiment.

Deleteron,

DeleteThe sign-off in my response, "LegoUnlucky," was an allusion to "unlucky thirteen," with 13 being the sum of 11 + 2 or 12 + 1.

LegoExplanatory

Beautiful sign-off Lego.

DeleteI posted on Sun Aug 17, at 11:24:00 AM PDT:

ReplyDeleteI posted on Sun Aug 17, at 06:03:00 AM PDT

on last week's thread:In my submission to the NPR website, I started off with a simple proof that there is

only ONE way it can be done!!Before I quote my submission to the NPR website, a word about a term I use: I trust most readers here know what I mean by "congruence modulo 8". For the benefit of those who don't, two different numbers are said to be

if the difference between those first two numbers iscongruent modulo <some third number n>of that n. I suppose I could've expressed my first sentence more generally by saying "Notice that all of the six values are either exact multiples of 8 or else they differ from an exact multiple of 8an exact multipleby just 1!My answer: To show that there is only ONE answer, consider the six values congruence modulo 8: (0, 1, -1, 0, -1, and 0). Since the desired total is congruent to 4 (or -4) mod 8, we must count either 4 of the 1s, or 4 of the -1s. The LOWEST of the -1s is 23, but 4 of those make 92, so you would need an 8, but the lowest number we have to work with is 16.

So the ONLY solution then is 4 of the 17s, which now needs 32 which we can make with 2 of the 16s.

P.S.: In another post at the end of last week's thread, PlannedChaos posted on Sun Aug 17, at 07:55:00 AM PDT:

Also having a unique solution: Scoring exactly 93 points.

So did he figure out my proof? It's possible he did, as my logic can also prove his statement.

Since 93 is congruent to 5 (or -3) mod 8, totaling that requires either 5 of the 1s or 3 of the -1s. Well, 5 of the 17s make 85 requiring 8 points to make 93. 3 of the

of the -1s (23), make 69 requiring 24 which we can just do. Of course, if we try for a second solution by replacing one of the 23s with a 39, then we've added 16 which reduces the required 24 extra to just 8 again.smallestEaWAf, I remember congruent

DeleteModelofrom field camp days at the local bar after a long hot day in the Arizona summer sun. . .BTW, I am going to post a Weird Al link over at PEOTS next. It starts out with dirt and then wanders. . .

So what's the answer to "What is the next letter in this series: U, D, B, V . . .?"

DeleteThe answer is in my question "OK, what is the next letter in this series: U, D, B, V . . . ?"

DeleteThough I’m quite sure everyone knows the answer it’s 16, 16, 17, 17, 17, 17. First, I looked the puzzle on the Internet. Then, just to keep my hand in I wrote a little program in Qbasic to calculate every possible permutation of the six given target values. There’s one and only one answer.

ReplyDeleteAlso, last Sunday I posted a word puzzle. Take the name of part of a country. Add the name of a flowing body of water. You get the name, phonetically, of a famous mid-50s Top Ten song that has become an American standard. Julie London’s 1955 recording of Cry Me a River charted in at #9 in the nation in December of that year. It stayed there for 13 weeks.

Crimea + river = Cry Me a River

Chuck

While walking Sunday morning I passed an English pub. Being reminded of my darting days I thought of one of my favorite three dart outs for 100. Two double seventeens and one double sixteen. Ton out, mugs away, mate.

ReplyDeleteI'll take your word for it.

Deletemy clues: re= outer limits, The 16 & 17 numbers

ReplyDeleteThis morning, I posted on Puzzleria! a more challenging (I believe) "target puzzle," for those of you who may be still willing to concentrate on the concentric.

ReplyDeleteLegoLoyda

Okay, if you are going to shake me out of bed, you could at least have the NPR puzzle up.

ReplyDeleteProbably not for another half hour. Everyone OK there?

DeleteYou had a close shave this a.m., Blaine!

DeleteNo injury or damage, I hope.

ReplyDeleteNext week's challenge: This challenge comes from Jason Zuffranieri, who competed for the U.S. at the World Puzzle Championship in London a week ago. Name a world leader of the 1960s — two words. Change the last letter of the second word. Then switch the order of the words — that is, putting the second word in front. The result will name a hit song of the 1990s. Who is the leader, and what is the song?

ReplyDeleteThis comment has been removed by a blog administrator.

DeleteYeah, but the first name of that world leader, and hence the last word in the song title, - is that really a word?

DeleteThere's an odd connection between our world leader and Mr. Auric Goldfinger.

DeleteActually, the first name really isn't.

DeleteSeems Mr. Shortz deliberately used "word" instead of "name".

Delete